PUFAs and weight gain.

PUFA, unsaturated fat, oil, fatty acids

You are probably thinking, “what’s she on about now!!”

Well it’s just amazing to me how these things are totally around out there, but they don’t sink into my brain until I am ready to listen to it.

I was doing some work with the Gelatin Australia crew who pointed me to a post written by Cheryl Frost – a figure competitor and now coach for other athletes. She was in favour of the Peptipro gelatin which she now uses instead of protein powder – a whole other story – but while I was there I read some of her other blog posts.

The angle was that as a former low carb dieter, after some years of this, she found that it was increasingly less effective and in fact over time ruined her metabolism as well as the function of hormones and thyroid gland. So they were switching over to a new philosophy pioneered by Dr Ray Peat who is an endocrinologist.

The point of this method is to support bodily processes to feed the cells adequately for optimal health of the organs, hormones, fast metabolism and preserve muscle mass while living and exercising.

And central to this whole philosophy is removing PUFAs from the diet.

So what the hell is a PUFA?

They are Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids.

In the past they were praised as the best type of oil to be consuming and saturated fat like butter, and coconut oil were shunned as heart damaging and bad for health. However the tide has completely switched around, with more recent research showing that PUFAs are actually highly unstable, easily affected by heat, light and oxygen and likely to be rancid before it gets anywhere near you, causing untold damage to the cells in the body.

In fact one of the most troubling issues is that it may damage the cells ability to process sugars correctly and this is thought to be a major cause of diabetes.

Here is a list of other lovely things it does:-

  • damage the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin
  • linked to age pigment formation and liver spots on your skin
  • makes your skin more sensitive to sun damage
  • lowers your metabolism
  • impairs protein digestion
  • damages the thyroid
  • negatively impacts hormones
  • overburdens the liver affecting detoxification of the body
  • are inflammatory contributing to obesity, autoimmune disease, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, fatty liver disease
  • raise blood pressure and cause hypertension
  • cause liver damage
  • bowel disease
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • depression
  • and I’m sure if I kept looking I would find plenty more to add to this list!

Holy crap!

I had realised saturated fats were not bad for some time and I eat butter and coconut oil but I don’t think it really registered how bad the unsaturated fats really were and the damage they do.

“So what are they in?”, I hear you asking??!!

Well nearly every processed food it seems and these:-

All oils

All grains

All nuts and seeds

Some fruit & vegetables

All fish oils including Omega 3!

The point is that you can’t avoid them all together and in fact the body needs a small amount but the idea is to minimise them as best you can. I have seen the number of 4g per day as the aim to keep at or below.

So in terms of what to choose, here are some guidelines:-

Oils

Here are the best ones lowest in PUFAs

100g

Saturated

Mono Unsaturated
Coconut 91g 6g 3g
Macadamia 10g 60g 4g
Palm 49g 37g 9g
Olive 14g 72g 14g
Avocado 12g 75g 15g

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macadamia_oil

nuigini, coconut oil, coconut,

(How cute is this teeny reusable jar of coconut oil? Perfect to reuse to store lunch, or soak oats if you’re into that!)

Nuts & Seeds

Only shredded coconut and macadamias are the lowest in PUFAs.

All others especially nuts and seeds already shelled, exposed to light, oxygen and more so when used in cooking and heated like almond flour are all bad news.

Boo! This includes my favourite – peanut butter. (I do have a solution for this though – will reveal in a future blog post.)

Butter etc.

Grass fed butter, ghee, tallow, lard are recommended

Grains

Well I don’t eat any grain for many other reasons but a quick look revealed that you are looking at about 1g of PUFAs for every 100g of grain. So entirely up to you.

Fish

The recommendation is to eat fish if you want the fish oil and not to take the capsule because unless the manufacturer is super meticulous there is a high likelihood that it will be rancid too. The age of the product, the way it’s stored, how long it’s kept on the shelf etc all play a part. So your anti inflammatory Omega 3s could very well be highly inflammatory if they are not super fresh.

Other

Chicken, eggs and meat will be high in PUFAs unless they are grass fed. Which is why the Paleo crew insist on grass fed only.

So have a look at the products you eat and check the source of the oil in them. Things like potato chips, corn chips, pre-packaged dips, olives, sauces, biscuits, breads, pastries, spring rolls, cakes, pizza, most restaurant/café food etc nearly everything is made with safflower, sunflower, canola or soybean oil which are full of PUFAs. Flax and Hemp oil are two of the worst as well. It’s everywhere and in the past was even recommended as healthy. Some health professionals still say it is!

No wonder we are all confused.

Anyway, while there is more to Dr Ray Peat and his philosophies, for now, this is the most important one to change in your diet now, to start the improvement to your thyroid, hormones and sugar metabolism in your body.

Awareness on the health trail,

Kristy xxx

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References for a little more reading if you’re interested…

http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/unsaturated-oils.shtml

https://pranarupa.wordpress.com/tag/pufa/

http://www.thescreamonline.com/essays/essays5-1/vegoil.html

http://www.thenutritioncoach.com.au/foods-to-avoid/dont-go-nuts/

http://cherylfrost.com/2016/03/30/why-i-never-use-flaxseed-oil/

http://katedeering.com/2013/08/polyunsaturated-fats-essential-or-toxic/

8 thoughts on “PUFAs and weight gain.

  1. Pam

    Very interesting Kristy and as you said yourself I have been aware that Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids are not good for you but not to the extend of what your article references. I must read more of Dr Ray Peat’s work.

    Reply
    1. slimbirdy Post author

      Hi Pam, yes Ray’s work is very interesting but it is difficult reading as well, very technical. I found it better to go find other blogs who follow his principles but explain it a little more easily. See how you go, it’s interesting stuff.

      Reply
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